Short stature in children can be a cause for concern among parents. Several factors might be responsible, including growth hormone deficiencies, thyroid issues, inherited traits, or even delayed puberty.

Childhood Growth Rates: What to Expect by Age

  • Newborn to 1 year: 25 cm/year
  • 1 to 2 years: 10 cm/year
  • 2 to 4 years: 5.5-9 cm/year
  • 4 to 6 years: 5 – 8.5 cm/year
  • 6 years to puberty:
    • Girls: 4.5-6.5 cm/year
    • Boys: 4-6 cm/year
  • Adolescence (Growth Spurt): 8-14 cm/year

Recognising the Need for a Doctor's Visit

Should you observe your child to be notably shorter, growing at a slower pace, or having an annual height increase below the average, it's advisable to consult with a medical professional.

Guidance on Nurturing Proper Child Growth

A physician will assess your child’s everyday habits and diet, pinpointing potential growth impediments. After diagnosis, they will typically provide advice on:

  1. Nutrition Guidance: Advocating for a balanced and nutritious diet to promote healthy growth.
  2. Optimal Daily Routines:
    • Prioritising adequate sleep to regulate hormones and foster growth.
    • Ensuring sufficient physical activity for holistic health and development.
  3. Mental Health & Affection: Emphasising the vital role of love and care in nurturing a child's psychological health and overall development.

Addressing Short Stature Due to Growth Hormone Deficiency

Present-day treatments focus on:

  • Growth Hormone Injections: Note that oral treatments aren't available as the digestive process breaks down proteins, rendering them ineffective.