Deep Vein Thrombosis, commonly referred to as DVT, is a medical condition where a blood clot forms inside a deep vein, often located in the leg.

Causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis:

  1. Prolonged inactivity leading to slow blood circulation, such as extended sitting or lying down.
  2. Accumulation of blood in a specific vein.
  3. Trauma or damage to a blood vessel.
  4. Clotting issues, which might arise from age or underlying illnesses.
  5. Insertion of catheters in a vein.

Recognising the Symptoms of DVT:

  • Persistent pain in the leg or calf.
  • Swelling in the leg, arm, or ankle.
  • Veins that feel hard and are tender to touch.
  • Dull green discoloration of leg skin.
  • A reddish or discoloured patch on the leg.
  • A sensation of warmth in the leg due to an engorged vein.

Treatment Options for Deep Vein Thrombosis:

  • Prescribed bed rest.
  • Administering adequate intravenous fluids.
  • Elevating the affected limb above heart level.
  • Wearing medically approved compression stockings.
  • Taking anticoagulant medications to halt further clotting.
  • Surgical procedures to extract the blood clot from the vein.

Preventing DVT:

  • Regular movement: Stand and move around frequently to avoid prolonged sitting.
  • Sidestep factors contributing to blood clots or compromised circulation, such as tobacco use.
  • Employ compression stockings to facilitate venous blood circulation.
  • Use anticoagulant drugs if recommended by a healthcare professional.