Causes of Spinal Joint Inflammation

This medical condition originates from the inflammation in spinal joints, specifically the facet joints and the intervertebral discs. It often accompanies inflammation in the pelvic joints, particularly the sacroiliac joint. Typically affecting young adults between the ages of 20 and 40, the condition might arise due to genetic predispositions or autoimmune disorders. Frequent diseases linked to this condition include ankylosing spondylitis and psoriatic arthritis.

Symptoms of Spinal Arthritis

  • Back Pain: A prominent symptom for those affected.
  • Stiffness in the Back: A common issue alongside back pain.
  • Pelvic or Other Joint Pain: Often occurs in conjunction with back pain.
  • Spinal Deformity: Specifically, a kyphotic spine may develop.
  • Challenges in Maintaining a Horizontal Gaze: A difficulty encountered by many patients.
  • Inability to Lie Flat: Patients often need a pillow to support the head while lying flat.

Diagnostic Investigations

  • Consultation with a Rheumatologist: Required during the stages when inflammation is active for blood tests and diagnoses.
  • Plain X-ray: Used for inspecting the vertebrae or intervertebral disc, detecting any fused spine or spinal deformity.
  • MRI with Contrast: Employed in special cases to ascertain inflammation or when symptoms indicate nerve or spinal cord compression.

How to Treat Spinal Inflammation?


In the initial stages of inflammation, medical advice from a rheumatologist is essential for controlling the disease through prescription medication.

Surgical Treatment

For patients experiencing spinal deformity—especially kyphotic deformity—surgical intervention may be necessary. Surgery may also be an option for those who are unable to perform regular daily activities, such as maintaining a straight gaze or lying flat, or in instances where spinal joint inflammation leads to joint instability.