Parkinson’s disease is a chronic and progressive neurological disorder marked by the gradual degeneration of brain cells, particularly those that produce dopamine.

This reduction in dopamine results in impaired motor functions and movement difficulties.

Identifying Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease

Physical Symptoms

  • Noticeable tremors or shaking
  • Bradykinesia, or slowed movement
  • Reduced facial expressions
  • Slower, quieter, and more monotone speech
  • Saliva drooling
  • Muscle rigidity or stiffness
  • Challenges in walking, including a shuffling gait or feet appearing to stick to the floor
  • Increased frequency of falls

Psychological Symptoms

  • Depression
  • Anxiety

Other Symptoms

  • Early stage short-term memory loss, progressing to dementia in later stages
  • Excessive perspiration
  • Digestive issues such as bloating and constipation
  • Frequent or uncontrolled urination
  • Diminished taste sensation
  • Dizziness upon standing, known as postural hypotension

Exploring the Causes of Parkinson’s Disease

The precise causes of Parkinson’s disease are yet to be determined. However, several factors are suspected to contribute, including:

  • Genetic predisposition due to specific gene mutations.
  • Long-term exposure to certain environmental toxins, though the specific toxins or substances remain unidentified.

Treatment Approaches for Parkinson’s Disease

Currently, there is no cure or method to reverse Parkinson’s disease, but treatments are available to manage symptoms and decelerate its progression:

  • Pharmacological treatment involves medications that stimulate the dopamine system.
  • Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery, a procedure involving the implantation of electrodes in specific brain regions to deliver electrical impulses. DBS is considered for patients unresponsive to medication and experiencing worsening symptoms.

Treatment plans are tailored by physicians based on each patient's unique needs and disease progression.