What is Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome?

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome, frequently encountered in both athletes and non-athletes, is a prevalent knee condition. This syndrome primarily manifests as pain at the front of the knee. It arises in the region where the kneecap (patella) glides along the lower thighbone (femur).

Despite the lack of clarity regarding its exact causes, factors such as repetitive movements and prolonged sitting are known to aggravate the condition. Furthermore, misalignment of the knee can lead to anterior knee pain, necessitating attention during treatment.

Symptoms to Look Out For

The hallmark of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is a discomfort in the front part of the knee. Activities that involve bending and straightening the knee, as well as ascending and descending stairs, typically intensify this pain.

Diagnosing the Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Diagnosis primarily involves a thorough physical examination, which helps to distinguish it from other conditions like a dislocated patella or arthritis. The evaluation focuses on the alignment of the knee and extends to the entire lower extremity, encompassing the hip, knee, and ankle joints, as well as the bones of the thigh, leg, and foot.

Treatment Approaches

The initial line of treatment for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome typically involves conservative methods. These include rest, the use of anti-inflammatory medications, and occasionally, wearing soft braces for support. Should these measures prove ineffective, surgical intervention may become necessary.