Retinal detachment is a serious eye condition where the retina peels away from its underlying layer within the eyeball. This can happen due to:

  1. Retinal Tears: The retina may tear, allowing the vitreous fluid of the eye to seep underneath and cause detachment.
  2. Epiretinal Membrane Formation: Especially prevalent in diabetic patients or those with prior severe eye injuries, this involves the formation of scar tissue on the retina, leading to detachment.

Recognising the Symptoms of Retinal Detachment

Initial symptoms often include sudden flashes of light, a greyish veil, or a shadow in part of your vision (the area depends on the detachment's location). Complete detachment can lead to significant vision loss.

Causes and Risk Factors of Retinal Detachment

  • Vitreous Degeneration: Common in the elderly or highly nearsighted individuals.
  • Eye Trauma: Includes injuries or complications from previous eye surgeries.
  • Aphakic Eyes: Absence of the eye's lens.
  • Chronic Eye Inflammation: Long-term inflammation in the eye.
  • Diabetes: Physical conditions like diabetes can contribute.

The Dangers of Delaying Treatment

Postponing treatment can result in retinal cell degeneration and irreversible vision loss.

Diagnostic Approach

Doctors conduct a thorough medical history review and a comprehensive dilated eye examination to diagnose retinal detachment.

Effective Treatment Strategies

Treatment often involves surgery to reposition the retina. Techniques include vitrectomy, scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy, laser photocoagulation, and cryotherapy.

Prevention and Early Intervention

Early signs like floaters, flashes, and dark shadows warrant immediate medical attention to prevent further detachment.