What Causes Spinal Infections?

Spinal infections primarily stem from an affliction of the vertebrae and intervertebral discs, either originating within the spine or spreading from adjacent areas. These infections typically arise from:

  • Bacterial sources
  • Tuberculosis-related complications

Recognising Symptoms of Spinal Infections

Individuals with spinal infections typically report pain at the infection site. The nature of symptoms varies, presenting as either acute or chronic. Common indications include:

  • Fever
  • Pain when moving
  • Numbness or weakness, especially if there's nerve or spinal cord compression

Investigative Measures for Spinal Infections

To accurately diagnose spinal infections, the following procedures are employed:

  • Plain X-ray: Assesses the extent of damage to vertebrae and discs.
  • MRI with Contrast: Pinpoints infection location and checks for spinal cord or nerve compression.
  • Blood Tests: Evaluates levels of inflammation and infection.

Treatment Approaches for Spinal Infections

Treatment strategies are tailored based on the infection's severity:

  • Antibiotics: Used for milder infections, often avoiding surgery.
  • Surgical Intervention: Necessary in cases of severe infection, significant structural damage, spinal instability, or when there's compression on the nerves or spinal cord.