Understanding Strabismus: Causes and Symptoms

Strabismus, commonly known as crossed eyes, often arises from irregularities in the brain's system that directs eye muscles. This condition can stem from both identifiable and unidentifiable causes. Sometimes, it's linked to anomalies in one or more eye muscles.

Symptoms of Strabismus

Key indicators of strabismus include:

  • Misaligned eyes: The eyes may not focus on the same point simultaneously.
  • Unilateral or bilateral impact: It may affect one or both eyes.
  • Frequency of occurrence: The condition can be either intermittent or constant.

In children with strabismus, a notable change in vision level is common. This results from the underuse of one eye to prevent double vision, potentially leading to amblyopia (commonly known as lazy eye). Contrary to some beliefs, amblyopia is not congenital but develops from the lack of use of the impacted eye.

The Risks of Delayed Treatment

Postponing treatment for common eye conditions in children can escalate into more severe complications.

Strabismus Treatment Approaches

The primary objective in treating strabismus is to realign the eyes and synchronize their function. Treatment options vary based on the strabismus type and may include:

  • Eye muscle exercises
  • Prescription eyeglasses
  • Prism correction glasses
  • Eye muscle surgery

Addressing associated issues like amblyopia is crucial before considering surgery for strabismus. Moreover, conditions impairing vision, such as ptosis (drooping eyelid) and cataracts, need treatment beforehand.