What are Warts?

Warts are growths on the skin caused by viral infections, particularly by certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV). They can spread to other areas of the body and are contagious.

How Do You Get Warts?

Warts are primarily spread through skin-to-skin contact. They can also be contracted by touching surfaces or objects that have come into contact with a wart.

Who is at Risk?

  1. Individuals frequently in contact with surfaces exposed to warts.
  2. Children and young adults.
  3. People with compromised immune systems.

Symptoms to Look Out For

  • Warts often appear as rough, flat bumps with black pinpoints.
  • Plantar warts on the soles of feet might grow inwards due to pressure.
  • Molluscum contagiosum, resembling small round bumps, is common in children and those with weakened immune systems.

Diagnosing Warts

A healthcare professional will examine the affected area. In some cases, they may refer the patient to a dermatologist for further evaluation.

Effective Treatments for Warts

  • Topical treatments like salicylic acid and 5-fluorouracil.
  • Immune response creams, e.g., imiquimod.
  • Procedures like bleomycin injections, freezing, or laser treatment.
  • Removal of molluscum contagiosum by a healthcare provider.

Preventing Warts

  • Regularly wash and dry your hands and feet.
  • Avoid direct contact with warts, including your own.
  • Regularly check children for warts to prevent spreading.